What’s New in the Second Edition of “Cultural Heritage and Tourism”?

We recently published the second edition of Cultural Heritage and Tourism by Dallen J. Timothy. In this post the author tells us what to expect from the update.

Heritage tourism continues to be one the most voluminous and pervasive types of tourism on the planet. It entails people visiting historic places, participating in cultural events, consuming intangible elements of living culture, celebrating elements of ordinary and extraordinary daily life, and interacting with the human past in multitudes of other ways. Hundreds of millions of people travel each year to participate in cultural heritage-oriented activities, motivated by a wide range of personal and extraneous forces. The theme of heritage tourism in the research academy continues to grow exponentially, commensurate with its prominence in the industry. Research about heritage and cultural tourism is now one of the foremost areas of tourism scholarship, which indicates that specialists are actively seeking new ways of understanding the phenomenon. Every year, hundreds of journal articles, books and book chapters are written about a wide range of heritage-related topics. To keep pace with cultural tourism’s growing importance, many universities and colleges are now offering specialized courses in heritage tourism to supplement cultural resource management and museology modules that have long been at the roots of heritage tourism education. This textbook is extremely timely as it provides a critical overview of the current theoretical and academic treatment of cultural heritage in a tourism context, as well as a practical management perspective that encourages tourism professionals to delve deeply into the meanings, performances, protection, interpretation and management of heritage resources and the people who utilize them.

This second edition of Cultural Heritage and Tourism reflects current industry trends, the geometric growth of heritage tourism inquiry, and many of the global changes that are affecting all types of tourism, including heritage tourism. This new edition includes expanded perspectives on information and communications technology, including social media, GPS and mobile phone apps, and artificial intelligence. It delves into the effects of climate change and overtourism on heritage supply and demand, and sheds light on the world’s current geopolitical and economic challenges. It also highlights emerging heritage-relevant themes, such as political tourism, solidarity tourism, sport tourism, agritourism, Indigenous tourism and dark tourism, and tackles the important subjects of the role of Indigenous knowledge, co-creative visitor experiences, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and the growth of the experiential economy. These enhanced perspectives, as well as updated empirical examples and pedagogical tools, make this new edition a valuable educational resource for students and instructors, and a foundational reference work for researchers of cultural and heritage tourism.

For more information about this book please see our website.

If you found this interesting, you might also like Archaeology and Tourism edited by Dallen J. Timothy and Lina G. Tahan.

Can cultural tourism be developed sustainably in southern Africa?

In January we published Cultural Tourism in Southern Africa edited by Haretsebe Manwa, Naomi Moswete and Jarkko Saarinen. In this post, the editors discuss how the book calls for sustainable development of cultural tourism in southern Africa.

Nowadays it is conventional to estimate that cultural tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing sectors of the global tourism industry. However, this association with culture is often absent when discussing tourism in an African context where tourism consumption is still largely seen to be based on wildlife viewing (especially the Big 5) and pristine wilderness settings. If there is a cultural element involved, it typically refers to ‘primitive’ tribal groups and imageries based on the era of nostalgic expeditions by western explorers to the ‘wild’ Africa.

Cultural Tourism in Southern AfricaOur edited book Cultural Tourism in Southern Africa aims to provide an alternative view. What the book and the contributing authors say is that southern Africa is culturally rich, diverse and multi-layered, and while cultural tourism is a relatively new ‘product’ in the region, it is already playing a major role with great potential for the future. Cultural tourism in the southern Africa region is not only about indigenous groups, cultural villages and living museums – which are important – but also arts, modern industrial heritage, urbanised cultures, townships, carnivals and other events. Especially for the domestic and regional tourists, the modern cultural and relatively recent historical environments are key motivations in tourism consumption. The future of the tourism industry in the southern Africa region is increasingly dependent on domestic and regional tourism!

Indeed, southern Africa is endowed with diverse cultural resources and especially in the recent decade cultural tourism has become an important sector of the industry. Culturally-oriented tourism is also increasingly used for local and regional development purposes as it can involve and directly benefit local communities and previously marginalised groups. As we explore in the book, this is a highly important aspect as it can empower local communities in development and contribute to global and regional scale policy aims, such as poverty alleviation and promotion of gender equality. In addition, an inclusive development of cultural tourism which involves local communities and other stakeholders could serve the United Nations new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in the region.

Constitution Hill, Joburg 2013
Constitution Hill in Johannesburg, South Africa. The Constitution hill was originally a fortress which was later used as a prison where e.g. Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned. Nowadays, the Hill is a heritage tourism attraction and a symbol of freedom (Photo: Jarkko Saarinen 2013)

Obviously cultural tourism does not only bring about positive impacts, particularly if not promoted based on inclusive development thinking. What the contributing authors underline with their versatile case studies is that while the positive impacts are evident, negative aspects of the utilisation of cultural resources in tourism should also be recognised and mitigated. This calls for sustainable and responsible modes of tourism development. This is important in general, but especially crucial in the case of indigenous cultures and other cultural minority groups, who often lack power and knowledge to control the utilisation and commodification of their traditions and cultural landscapes.

Together with the recognition of culture and wider understanding of the diversity of culture and cultural resources in southern African tourism landscapes, this call for sustainability in cultural tourism development is the key message of the book.

Jarkko Saarinen, University of Oulu (Finland) and University of Johannesburg (South Africa), jarkko.saarinen@oulu.fi
Haretsebe Manwa, North West University (South Africa), 23815310@nwu.ac.za
Naomi Moswete, University of Botswana (Botswana), MOATSHEN@mopipi.ub.bw

Sustainable Tourism in Southern AfricaFor more information about this book please see our website or contact the authors at the addresses above. If you’re interested in this book you might also like Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa edited by Jarkko Saarinen et al.

An Interview with Lee Jolliffe

With her book Sugar Heritage and Tourism in Transition out this week we asked Lee Jolliffe a few questions about her research.

What inspired you to study sugar and tourism?
Working and living in Barbados, still somewhat a plantation society, provided some impetus to move on from tea and tourism, as well as coffee and tourism, to sugar and tourism as a research focus.

Which other researchers in your field do you particularly admire?
Greg Richards is a researcher whose work I like in terms of exploring cultural tourism and the creative side of tourism with cities in Europe – he always seems to be doing something new and interesting. I also admire Dallen Timothy’s research on heritage tourism for its breadth and exploration of under researched areas, such as shopping and tourism and cross-border tourism.

Did the controversial topics of slavery and colonialism make this book more difficult to research?
Yes, a few years ago I could never have imagined taking topics such as enslavement and post-colonialism as subjects for my research. However, a number of events and experiences while I was at the University of the West Indies in Barbados during 2010 – 2011 informed my views on the topic through first hand experience living in a post-colonial society. Through my time in the West Indies and reflecting upon this time and experience after that back in Canada, I think I was able to recognize the underbelly of what John Urry (1990) calls the tourism gaze. While the tourism gaze is superficial, the underbelly is the meanings and the stories, many of them dark and bittersweet (as described by Elizabeth Abbott in her book Sugar: A Bittersweet History) behind sugar heritage that is now to some extent being transformed for tourism. This has been echoed recently by reports from the African Diaspora Heritage Trail (ADHT) 2012 conference in Barbados where the silence of the stories of enslavement was recognized as an area that needs to be considered in terms of the heritage tourism product.

What’s your favourite place that you’ve travelled to for your research?
Of course every place I visited in the Caribbean reflects part of the story, including Barbados, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Martinique, Trinidad, Tobago and Curacao. Particularly memorable sites visited in terms of sugar heritage include both Saint Nicholas Abbey and Codrington College in Barbados, the Sugar Heritage Village and Museum project in Trinidad and the Kura Hulanda Museum in Curacao.

What is your next research project?
I am currently working on a book on spices and tourism, also to be published by Channel View. I am also contemplating looking into tourism and bananas, it may sound funny but it’s quite a serious topic, as much about tourism and trade as about cuisine or attractions.

And finally, what is your favourite sugary treat?
I would have to say that “afternoon tea” and all that goes with it is one of my favourite sugary treats, a habit acquired while I did my PhD in museum studies in the UK Midlands I was able to explore afternoon tea along the old Fosse Way (Roman Road) from Leicester to the Cotswolds. In addition I do also very much like cappuccino with sugar, this goes back to a year spent in Florence studying museum science, a tradition that we are reinventing at home now that we have just acquired an espresso maker.

Sugar Heritage and Tourism in Transition belongs to our Tourism and Cultural Change series. Lee’s other titles Tea and Tourism and Coffee Culture, Destinations and Tourism are also available from our website.

Lee Jolliffe titles